Amino acids are organic compounds containing basic amino groups and acidic carboxyl groups. A compound formed when the hydrogen atom on the carbon atom of a carboxylic acid is replaced by an amino group.
Amino acids can play the following roles in human body through metabolism:
① synthesis of Tissue Proteins;
② Turn into ammonia containing substances such as acid, hormone, antibody and creatine;
③ Turn into carbohydrates and fats;
④ It is oxidized to carbon dioxide, water and urea to generate energy.
At present, amino acids are widely used in all walks of life, mainly in the medical industry and food processing industry.
Vitamins are a kind of trace organic substances that human and animals must obtain from food in order to maintain normal physiological functions. They play an important role in the process of human growth, metabolism and development. The definition of vitamins requires that vitamins meet the following four characteristics before they can be called essential vitamins.
Exogenous: the human body cannot synthesize itself and needs to be supplemented by food;
Trace: the human body needs very little, but it can play a great role;
Regulative: vitamins must be able to regulate human metabolism or energy transformation;
Specificity: lack of a certain vitamin, people may be a sub-healthy.