Views: 0 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-07-13 Origin: Site
Monk fruit extract is the fruit extract of the cucurbitaceae plant momordica grosvenori swingle, rich in amino acids, fructose, vitamins and minerals. As a general natural sweetener, Luo Han Guo extract is an ideal substitute for synthetic sweeteners such as aspartame, and high-calorie sweeteners such as sucrose. It has broad application prospects in baked food, nutritional food and low-calorie food.
The Luo Han Guo extract is boiled and extracted with water, then dried or mixed with sucrose to make granules, which are usually packaged after being dried by hot air. The specific requirements are: 75~80℃, cook for 110~130min. It is possible to obtain about 10 times concentrated Luo Han Guo extract-essence, for example: fresh Luo Han Guo 150kg, boiled at 80°C for 120 minutes, to obtain 10 times concentrated Luo Han Guo extract 15kg, and then use a granulator to mix with 15kg of sucrose to granulate. Then, it is dried and sterilized by hot air to obtain a granular Luo Han Guo extract.
Studies have found that the main component of Luo Han Guo extract is mogroside, which has physiological activities such as lowering blood sugar, anti-oxidation, liver protection, lipid-lowering and weight loss, laxative and anti-inflammatory.
1. Hypoglycemic effect
The sweetness of mogrosides is very high but the calories are very low, and it will not cause the body's blood sugar to rise after eating. This feature has attracted great attention from researchers. Volunteers were asked to take 30% mogroside 200 mg/kg orally at one time, which was equivalent to 20 times of the normal food supplement (10 mg/kg). The difference in blood sugar content before and after is very small, indicating that the conversion of mogroside into glucose in the body is not obvious.
2. Antioxidant effect
Free radicals are free in the body, and the lipid peroxidation induced by free radicals is closely related to the occurrence of many diseases. In recent years, studies have found that mogroside has the effect of scavenging free radicals and resisting lipid peroxidation. The anti-superoxide anion kit method, colorimetric method and D-deoxyribose method were used to analyze the free radical scavenging and anti-lipid peroxidation effects of mogroside. The results showed that mogroside could inhibit the lipid peroxidation in rat liver tissue. It has a protective effect on the peroxidative damage of liver tissue induced by Fe2+ and H2O2, indicating that mogroside can effectively scavenge free radicals.
3. Hepatoprotective effect
4. Lipid-lowering and weight-loss effect
The sweetness of mogroside is not sugar, but using it as a sweetener can reduce glucose intake. As long as sugar intake is controlled, subcutaneous fat synthesis can be inhibited, lipid metabolism can be promoted, and subcutaneous fat can be removed to achieve weight loss.
5. Other activities
Luo Han Guo extract has obvious antagonistic effect on intestinal tonic contraction caused by acetylcholine or barium oxide, which can relax intestinal canal and relieve spasm. The hypoglycemic effect is mostly used for lung fire dry cough, sore throat, aphonia, intestinal dryness and constipation.
As a new type of low-calorie, non-sugar sweetener, mogroside, the main component of Luo Han Guo extract, has been widely used in food, additives and health care products industries in recent years. In the 1990s, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved mogroside as a sweetener to be added to food, and my country also approved mogroside in 1996 as a substitute for sugar for obese and diabetic patients, which can partially or completely replace sucrose. And used in health care products industry. At present, the United Kingdom, South Korea, Japan, Singapore and other countries all allow mogrosides as food additives. Among them, Japan is the largest importer of mogroside. As a health product in Japan, mogroside can be made into diet food, hypoglycemic food, immunity-enhancing food and anti-allergic granules; as a sweetener, it can be processed into throat moisturizing Sugar, functional drinks, syrups, effervescent tablets, etc.; as an additive, mogroside is added to the solution of pickled pickles, which can greatly reduce the amount of salt used, and the pickled pickles are crisp and refreshing, with bright and attractive colors.
In the UK, mogrosides are often mixed with pueraria root extracts to make low-sugar solid beverages. After infusion, the smell is fresh and has health care functions such as relieving fatigue, promoting digestion, and lowering blood pressure. Sugar cubes can adjust the sweetness of brewed coffee and reduce calorie intake. In my country, mogroside is often introduced as a traditional Chinese medicine in traditional Chinese medicine, which has the effects of moistening the lungs and relieving cough, cooling blood, and moistening the intestines and laxatives. Since the 21st century, mogroside has also been widely used in my country's food industry. Adding it to starch soft candy can make candy with excellent taste, flavor and color; adding it to biscuits can improve the structure and texture of biscuits and make chewing smooth. No dryness; added to dairy products can promote the health of children, patients and sub-healthy people.
In recent years, more physicochemical activities of mogroside, the main component of Monk fruit extract, have been continuously confirmed. Using the physiological activity of mogroside, the development of anti-diabetic, anti-aging, anti-constipation, lipid-lowering weight loss and anti-caries and other special effects food, transforming the application of mogroside from traditional medicinal and edible food to functional and healthy new food.